Policies in the early years (conception to early childhood) were important planks of the Labour Government's overall strategy to tackle inequalities in health and the determinants of inequalities in health. However, some indicators of early health, such as infant mortality rates, show widening inequalities.
This project examined how policies in the early years might be expected to influence health inequalities. It used review of policy documents and commentaries to construct a conceptual framework and then more detailed models of how policies might be working. It then tested the steps in these models using review of the scientific literature and secondary data analysis. Finally, it synthesised the results of these analyses and interpreted this synthesis in the light of current and potential policy.